27 November 2013 - Dhaka, Brussels — During last week’s Asia Ban Asbestos Network meeting, the Bangladesh Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Foundation (OSHE) organised a panel discussion on the dangers of asbestos in the shipbreaking industry in Asia. The experts present at the meeting agreed that exposure to asbestos is a major threat for all industries involved in shipping, from shipbuilding, to ship repair, to shipbreaking. Participants from South Korea and Hong Kong, which are major shipbuilding and ship repair centres, said that they can now witness the devastating results of shipyard workers’ exposure to asbestos years ago. In both places, they can see a steadily raising number of victims of different ARD, such as asbestosis and mesothelioma.
India, Bangladesh and Pakistan are the three major shipbreaking destinations: 70 percent of all end-of-life vessels were broken there in 2012. The Chinese ship recycling industry also has serious issues with asbestos handling and disposal. In the shipbreaking yards in South Asia, neither the management nor the workers are aware of the dangers of asbestos. A recent study by the NGO Shipbreaking Platform on shipbreaking in Pakistan has shown that asbestos is removed by workers without them being protected. Asbestos is then dumped in unmarked sites behind the yards. A recent research by OSHE in the shipbreaking yards in Bangladesh argues that nearly none of the supervisors in the yards is aware of the dangers of asbestos. Therefore, no protective measures are taken there either.
Moreover, there is hardly any medical data available about ARD caused by shipbreaking, as the workforce in the yards mainly consists of undocumented migrant workers and the yard owners are not legally required to ensure regular health checks. Pilot studies both in India and Bangladesh have shown asbestosis cases in the shipbreaking yards. However, the circumstances – a migrant workforce, no documentation of occupational diseases and yards that are not easily accessible to civil society and researchers – make it very difficult to reveal the whole picture.
“Asbestos-related diseases are hidden. They are not as dramatic as major industrial accidents and seldom make headlines”, argued Patrizia Heidegger, Executive Director of the NGO Shipbreaking Platform. “Death by occupational diseases is slow, invisible and painful. We want the governments in Asia to understand how harmful it is to import asbestos into their countries and what huge human costs the ARD will cause in the near future.”
The NGO Shipbreaking Platform and its member organisation demand that all end-of-life vessels need to carry an Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) in which asbestos, a common material found in the structure of ships, is identified and quantified. The ship owners need to provide an IHM as a first basic step towards clean and safe recycling. Moreover, shipbreaking countries need to ensure safe asbestos removal and handling, storage and disposal if they import end-of-life vessels for breaking. Bangladeshi courts have ruled that all ships imported into the country need to be toxic free. Also, under European law it is forbidden to export asbestos from the EU Member States.