Laws and Guidelines
INTERNATIONAL LAWS AND GUIDELINES
Under existing regulations on waste trade, ships sold for breaking are considered to be waste. It is illegal for a developed country to sell a ship for breaking to a developing country without first removing all toxic waste contained within the ship.
>> Find out more about the international conventions
EUROPEAN LAWS AND GUIDELINES
The European Waste Shipment Regulation prohibits the export of hazardous waste from the European Union to non-OECD countries. End-of-life ships fall under this regulation. But it needs to be clarified and strengthened. The EU is also actively supporting the Hong Kong Convention.
>> Find out more here
SOUTH ASIAN LAWS AND GUIDELINES
Because of the high price tag of pre-cleaning operations, the shipping and shipbreaking industry have exploited loopholes in existing regulations to successfully continue dismantling ships on South Asian beaches. Legal battles are led on a local basis to stop these ships before they are broken on beaches.
>> Read out more about Bangladesh, India and Pakistan